Anner Bylsma (born Anner Bijlsma February 17, 1934, The Hague) is a Dutch cellist who plays on both modern and authentic baroque style instruments. He took an interest in music from an early age. He studied with Carel van Boomkamp at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, and won the Prix d'excellence in 1957. In 1959, he won first prize in the Pablo Casals Competition in Mexico. Later he was the principal cellist for six years in the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra from 1962 to 1968. He became the Erasmus Scholar at Harvard University in 1982.