Ennemond Gaultier (c.1575–1651) was a French lutenist and composer. He was one of the masters of the seventeenth-century French lute school. Gaultier was born in Villette, Dauphiné. He worked first in Lyon, and in 1620 he became valet to the Queen Mother Marie de' Medici and court lutenist in Paris. It is possible that he was a pupil of René Mezangeau. In 1631, he retired to Nèves where he lived until his death on 17th December 1651.